If you're looking for a flower that is as regal as it is versatile, look no further than the chrysanthemum. Known for its vibrant autumn blooms and fast growth, this popular plant is an appealing option for any garden.
The Fascinating Chrysanthemum
Commonly seen in bouquets and gardens alike, chrysanthemums are adored for their lengthy autumn blooms. These fast-growing plants easily reach up to a meter in height, necessitating staking for stem support. While originally linked to mourning, chrysanthemums have managed to flex their symbolic muscles and are now often associated with joy. In Japan, they're even regarded as the flower of kings.
Annual or Perennial?
While many chrysanthemums varieties are usually annual, some can be perennial. For perennial chrysanthemums to thrive over multiple years, they need proper care. This includes pruning any damaged stems, removing faded flowers after All Saints' Day, and laying a thick layer of leaf mulch at the plant's base.
When to Replant Chrysanthemums
Deciding on the right time to replant chrysanthemums is key for their growth. They can be replanted in either spring (March-May) or autumn (September-November). However, one should strictly avoid replanting them in cold, heavy soil after All Saints' Day. It's advised to wait until the end of winter, instead.
Finding the Perfect Spot
Selecting the right location for replanting chrysanthemums can make a huge difference in their growth. A west-facing spot with ample sunlight is ideal. The soil should not be acidic, dry, or excessively moist and areas with standing water should be avoided.
The Art of Transplanting Chrysanthemums
Transplanting chrysanthemums helps to strengthen their roots and increase cold tolerance. To ensure successful transplanting, there are specific rules to follow – not damaging the roots being the main one. Young plants should be transplanted annually, while older plants can be transplanted every 2-3 years.
Choosing Cuttings for Replanting
When selecting cuttings for replanting, choose a cool, cloudy day when night temperatures are below 0°C. Shoots with basal sprouts, green aerial parts, and faded flowers are the best choices.
For successful replanting, certain tips come in handy. If the groundwater is superficial, install a drainage system. To encourage better water and air penetration, loosen the soil. Use compost, manure, or peat as fertilizer, but avoid over-fertilizing. Dig holes 40 cm deep for planting.